Kingdom of Morocco's (Alaoui dynasty) according to the "Almanach.Be" web site.

SHORT HISTORY: The present Alaoui dynasty took power over the ruins of the previous Saadi dynasty, in the mid 17th century. Both dynasties claimed descent from the Prophet Muhammad, through the line of Ali and Fatima (the Prophet’s daughter). This Sharifian (see below, Glossary) descent provided the Alaouis with a powerful tool of legitimacy, so that they were able to survive both colonial rule and independance. A French protectorate was imposed on Morocco by the Treaty of Fès on 30/3/1912 and the country was then divided administratively with the Spanish government under the Treaty of Madrid on 27/11/1912.

While most of the country was under French rule from Rabat, the Spanish zone of protectorate was ruled from Tetouan in the north and consisted of an area running along the Mediterranean coast and an area of desert in the far south of the country. The Sultan was represented by a Caliphe in Tetouan during this period. At the same time, the port city of Tangier was ruled as an international city, although once again the Sultan’s sovereignty was recognised. During the period of nationalism leading up to independance, the French authorities deposed Sultan Mohammed V, and replaced him with an aged relative, Sidi Mohammed bin Arafa, in 1953. The legitimate Sultan was restored in late 1955 and, as King Mohammed V led Morocco to independance from France on 2/3/1956, and from Spain on 7/7/1956. Tangier returned to Moroccan rule on 29/10/1956.

SOURCES:

  • Nouvel Almanach de Poche de Bruxelles, by M.E. Rampelbergh, Imprimeur-Libraire in Brussels 1818-1900
  • Almanach de Gotha 1763-1944
  • A.M.H.J. Stokvis, Manuel d’histoire, de généalogie et de chronologie de tous les Etats du globe..., Boekhandel & Antiquariaat B.M. Israël, Leiden 1888-1893, 1966
  • Dominique et Michèle Frémy, Quid, Paris, since 1963
  • Who’s Who in the Arab World, Publitec Publications, München-New Providence-London-Paris since 1966
  • Burke’s Royal Families of the World II Africa & The Middle East, London 1980
  • R.F.Tapsell, Monarch Rulers Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World, Thames and Hudson, London 1983
  • Point de Vue et Images du Monde n° 2200, 27 septembre 1990
  • Point de Vue n° 2362, 9 novembre 1993
  • Paris-Match, 9 mai 1996
  • Arabies, juin 1996
  • Ali Benhaddou, Maroc:les élites du royaume, L’Harmattan, Paris et Montréal 1997
  • Jeune Afrique n°1917, 1er au 7 octobre 1997
  • Arabies n°130, octobre 1997
  • Jeune Afrique n°1928-1929, 16 décembre 1997 au 5 janvier 1998
  • La Libre Belgique, 24 & 25 juillet 1999
  • Point de Vue n° 2662, 28 juillet au 3 août 1999


DYNASTY:
Alaoui (see the family tree)


RELIGION:
Islam (Sunni)


QUALIFICATIONS AND TITLES:
Head of the Sovereign Family:
HM The King of Morocco
Heir:
HRH The Crown Pce of Morocco
Other Members of the Sovereign Family:
HRH Pce Moulay ..., HRH Pcess Lella ... (children, brothers and sisters of the King)
Moulay, Lella
... (other members of the Alaoui Family)


ORDERS AND DECORATIONS:

Ouissam Alaoui
or Ordre de la Maison Chérifienne Alaouite 1913
Ordre de Rida
Ordre de Mohammed
1956
Ordre du Trône
1963
Ordre de Hafiz
1910, abolished 1913
Ordre du Mérite militaire
1963
Ouissam al Arch


MOROCCAN ARISTROCRACY:

There are two main classes:

1° the Chorfa, whose members are qualified Sharif, Sharifa (in French, Chérif), consisting of the descendants of the two royal families, the Idrissi and the Alaoui, of families of foreign descent such as the Skalli and the Iraki, and of families of domestic origin, more numerous,

2° the Oulama, whose families claim descent from intellectual and religious leaders and still hold important responsibilities in traditional intellectual and religious functions.


GLOSSARY:

Caliphe (Ar Khalifa): Viceroy (or Deputy) in Morocco

In Islamic history, refers to the successors of the Prophet Muhammad as head of an Islamic community or state.

In pre-colonial Morocco, it was used for the formal representatives of the Sultan in Marrakech, Fès and Meknès, the old "imperial" capitals.

The person concerned was generally a close relative of the Sultan, usually a son or a brother.

Emir al Moumenin: Commander of the Faithful

Lella: title borne by the female members of the Sharifian dynasty

Mahalla: large army group, often commanded by the Sultan himself, or by a prominent member of the Court, used to impose and collect taxes in outlying regions.

Moulay: title borne by the male members of the Sharifian dynasty (except for those named Mohammed, always referred to as Sidi Mohammed).

Pacha: originally a Turkish title, used in Morocco to designatez a governor of important cities (e.g. Tangier).

Sharif, Sharifa (in French, their class is referred as Chorfa): qualification borne by descendants of Prophet Mohammed by his daughter Fatima and her husband 4th Caliph Ali. The Chorfa class is divided among descendants of the two royal families: the Idrissi and the Alaoui, and among families of foreign descent such as the Skalli, the Iraki, and of domestic descent, more numerous.


HEAD OF THE SOVEREIGN FAMILY:
HM Mohammed VI, King of Morocco since 23/7/1999, Crown Pce 21/8/1963, Gen Royal Army 12/7/1994, Coordinator of the Offices and Services of the Royal Armed Forces, Docteur en Droit Univ of Nice Sophia Antipolis 10/1993, dipl Law Univ of Rabat,°Rabat 21/8/1963


BROTHERS AND SISTERS:

1. (by Lella Latifa Hammou) HRH Pcess Lella Mariam, °Rome 26/8/1962, X 9/1984 Fouad ibn Abdellatif Filali, Pres of Omnium Nord-Africain (ONA), son of HE Dr Abdellatif Filali, fmr Prime Min, Min of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

2. (by Lella Latifa Hammou) HRH Pcess Lella Asma, °29/8/1965 or 12/1965, +..., X Marrakech 6-8/6/1987 Khalid Bouchentouf

3. (by Lella Latifa Hammou) HRH Pcess Lella Hasna, °19/11/1967, X 13/12/1991or 8/9/1994 Khalid Benharbit, MD, °1959

4. (by Lella Latifa Hammou) HRH Pce Moulay Rachid, Col in the Royal Navy 1994, dipl Université Mohamed V at Rabat, Law at Université de Bordeaux, Fce, °20/6 or 7/1970


GRANDCHILDREN OF HM KING HASSAN II:

1. Moulay Yazid
2. Lella Nauhaila
3. Lella Soukaina
4. Moulay Idris
5. Lella Asmaa


OTHER MEMBERS OF THE SOVEREIGN FAMILY:
Children of HM King Mohammed V:

1. (by Lella Abla) HRH Pcess Lella Aicha, Hon Pres of the Union Nationale des Femmes Marocaines 6/5/1969, Amb to Italy and to Greece 1969-1973, Amb to London 1965-1969, Pres of the Entraide Nationale, Pres of the Moroccan Red Crescent before 1967, GrCordon O.Trône, registered as the eldest daughter of HM King Mohammed V in the Who’s Who in the Arab World, °Rabat 1928 or 17/6/1930, X 1 Rabat 16/8/1961 (div) Hassan el Yacoubi, 2 8/1972 Pce Moulay el Hassan

2. (by 2nd wife of HM King Mohammed V) HRH Pcess Lella Fatima Zohra, ° 29/6/1929 or 1930, X Rabat 16/8/1961 HRH Pce Moulay Ali, Amb of Morocco to Paris 1964-1966, Pres of Cosumar (Nat Sugar Co) since 1966, fmr Pres of the Société de Banque et de Crédit, GrOff Légion d’honneur, educ Lycée Lyautey, Casablanca, °Marrakech 1924 (Casablanca)

3. (by Lella Abla) HRH Pcess Lella Malika, Pres of the Morocco Red Crescent, °Rabat 1932 or 14/3/1933, X Rabat 16/8/1961 HE Mohammed ben Abdullah Cherqawi, Pres of the Afro-Asian Economic Cooperation, Min of Nat Defense 1967, Min of Foreign Affairs 1966-1967, Min of Development 1965-1966, Min of Nat Economy and Finance 1964-1965, Pres of the Permanent Consultative Cttee of the Maghreb 1964, Amb of Morocco to Paris 1961-1964, son of Abdallah el Cherkaoui (Rabat)

4. (by Lella Abla) HRH Pce Moulay Abdallah, °Rabat 30/7/1935, X 9/11/1961 Lamia el Solh, °1937, daughter of HE Riad el Solh (fmr Prime Min of Lebanon). Parents of:

4.1. HRH Pce Moulay Hicham, endowed 10/5/1994 from Middle East Institute at Princeton Univ, Mohammed V Institute for the Trans-Regional Study of Contemporary Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia (USA)
4.2. HRH Pce Moulay ...

5. HRH Pcess Lella Nuzha, °Rabat 1940, +Tetouan 2/9/1977, X Rabat 29/10/1964 HE Ahmed Osman, Prime Min 1972-1979

6. HRH Pcess Lella Amina, °Madagascar 4/1954, X 30/3/1973 Moulay Idris el Ouazzani


OTHER MEMBERS OF THE SOVEREIGN FAMILY
Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Mohammed ben Arafa (see above, Short History, and below, Predecessors: he is not considered as a legitimate successor):

1. Moulay Ahmed, °1918 or 1921, X ... ,daughter of HIH Pce Moulay el Hassan ben el Mehdi ben Ismaël, Caliphe of Tetouan (see below, Sons and descendants of Sultan Mohammed IV)

2. Moulay Abd el Hamid, °1918 or 1921, X ... , daughter of HIH Pce Moulay el Hassan ben el Mehdi ben Ismaël, Caliphe of Tetouan (see below, Sons and descendants of Sultan Mohammed IV)


Children and descendants of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Youssef:

1. Lella Zaynab

2. Lella Amina, °Rabat

3. Moulay Idris, Pacha of Marrakech 1912-1930, and again after independance before his death in 1962, Caliphe of Marrakech and Heir Presumptive c1912, °1908, +1962, X Marrakech 27 or 28/10/1926 ..., daughter of Moulay Mustapha, Qadi of Marrakech, by Lella ... (see below, Children and descendants of Sultan Hassan I)

4. Moulay Hassan, Caliphe of Tiznit and Tindouf after 1912, Caliphe of Tiznit 1912, an later of Tindouf, °1909 or 1911 or 1912, +Fès 4/1/1969, X Marrakech 27/12/1926 Lella Amina (see below, Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Abd el Hafid). Father of:

4.1. Lella Zubaida

5. HM King Mohammed V (see below, Predecessors)

6. Moulay Abd el Salem, imprisoned by the French for nationalist activities 7/1954, °1914


Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Abd el Aziz:

1. Moulay el Hassan, °Marrakech 7/1899, +1919?

2. HRH Pcess Lella Fatima Zohra, Pres of the Union Nationale des Femmes Marocaines, Rabat 6/5/1969, °..., Morocco 13/6/1927, X Tetouan 1949 HIH Pce Moulay el Hassan ben el Mehdi ben Ismaël, Caliphe of Tetouan (see below, Sons and descendants of Sultan Mohammed IV)


Children and descendants of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Abd el Hafid:

1. Moulay Idris, °1905. Father of:

1.1. Moulay Ahmed
1.2. Moulay Idris

2. (by Lella Rabiaa el Glaoui) Lella Amina, X 1 Moulay Idris el Fichar 2 Marrakech 27/10/1926 Moulay Hassan, Caliphe of Tiznit (see above, Children and descendants of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Youssef), 3 Moulay Idris el Fichar

3. Sidi Mohammed, °1917, +Marrakech 15/1/1938

4. Moulay Abdallah, Delegate of the Seal of Imperial Authority (Regent) 1-28/10/1955, °1910


Sons (brothers of Their Sharifian Majesties Sultans Abd el Aziz, Abd el Hafid and Youssef) and descendants of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Hassan I:

1. Moulay Abd el Rahman el Kabir, Head of Mahalla to Hayaina 10/1902-...., +Rabat 1939

2. Sidi Mohammed, Caliphe of Fès, proclaimed Sultan in Zair 1908, proclaimed Sultan in Haouz of Marrakech 1895, Pacha of Marrakech 1893, in charge of Mahalla in Taroudannt, Caliphe of Marrakech 1888, +Rabat 15/9/1946

3. His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sultan Abd el Hafid (see below, Predecessors)

4. (7th son) Moulay Zayn el Abidin, Caliphe of Tiznit in Sous after 1912, proclaimed Sultan by tribes of Zair, Zayan and Chararda 1911 and in Meknès 4/1911, +Tiznit before 1936

5. Sidi Mohammed el Awar

6. Moulay Abou Bekr, Pacha of Marrakech 1907-1912, Caliphe of Marrakech in Haouz and Sous 16/8/1907

7. Moulay Bil-Ghayth, cTafilalt 1893

8. Lella ..., c1927, X Moulay Mustapha, Qadi of Marrakech, c1927

9. Moulay el Tahar. Father of:

9.1. Lella Abla, +1992, X after 1927 HM King Mohammed V (see below, Predecessors)

10. Moulay Abdallah, resistance leader against the French in Tafilalt 1916

11. Moulay el Amin, c27/2/1961

12. Moulay Mamoun, Caliphe of Fès

13. Moulay el Mimoun

14. Moulay el Jafar

15. Sidi Mohammed el Saguir

16. Moulay el Taleb

17. Moulay Osman, Caliphe of Fès ...- dismissed 9/1953, reappointed 1954, 1961, +27/2/1961

18. His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sultan Abd el Aziz (see below, Predecessors)

19. His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sultan Youssef (see below, Predecessors)

20. Moulay el Mehdi, Caliphe of Tafilalt before 1916


Sons (brothers of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Hassan I) and descendants of Sultan Mohammed IV:

1. Moulay al Emin, Cdr of Mahalla to Guelaya 1880, Casablanca Gov of Shawiya (Casablanca region) 1908

2. Moulay Omar, Caliphe of Fez before 1894

3. Moulay el Rachid, Gov of Tafilalt before 1896-3/1911, Head of Mahalla in West Kart Region 1862, +Tafilalt? 3/1911. Father of:

3.1. Moulay Abdallah, c9/1907
3.2. Sidi Mohammed, cTafilalt 1907, Marrakech 16/8/1908

4. Moulay ... Father of:

4.1. Sidi Mohammed el Amrani, cTafilalt 1898

5. Moulay Idris, cChenguit 1905

6. Moulay Ismaël, Caliphe of Fès before 4/1874. Father of:

6.1. HIH Moulay el Mehdi ben Ismaël ben Mohammed, Caliphe in the Spanish Zone 1913-1923, Caliphe of Tetouan 1913, +Tetouan 1923, X Khnaya bent Mohammed Soussi. Father of:

6.1.1. Pce Sidi Mohammed ben el Mehdi,
6.1.2. Pce Moulay Ahmed ben el Mehdi,
6.1.3. Pcess Lella ... bent el Mehdi,
6.1.4. HIH Pce Moulay el Hassan ben el Mehdi ben Ismael, Caliphe of Tetouan 19/6 or 9/11/1925, Gov Banque du Maroc 1969-...., mbr of the Personal Economic Council of HM The King 1967, Pres of Banque Nat pour le Développement Economique 1967-1969, Amb to Italy 1964-1967, and to London 1957-1964, Ouissam Alaoui, °Fès 1/8/1912, X 1..., 2 HRH Pcess Lella Fatima Zohra (see above, Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Abd el Aziz). (3 Rue Afghani, Rabat) Father of:

6.1.4.1. (by 1st wife) Moulay el Mehdi, Hon Pres of the Casa del Magreb in Egypt before 1939
6.1.4.2. (by 1st wife) Lella..., X Sharif Moulay Ahmed ben Mohammed (see above, Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Mohammed ben Arafa)
6.1.4.3. (by 1st wife) Lella..., X Sharif Moulay Abd el Hamid ben Mohammed (see above, Children of His Sharifian Majesty Sultan Mohammed ben Arafa)
6.1.4.4. (by HRH Pcess Lella Fatima Zohra) Lella Oum Koulthoum, °Tétouan 4/1950

7. Moulay Ali, Head of Mahalla to Bani Snassan 1875

8. Moulay Arafa, Head of Mahalla to Bani Snassan 1876, Caliphe of Fès 1894

9. His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sultan Mohammed ben Arafa (see below, Predecessors)

10. Moulay Osman, Pacha and Caliphe of Marrakech c11/1893, Caliphe of Fès, Cdr of Mahalla to Tadla 1888, Caliphe of Marrakech before 1877

11. Moulay el Hassan el Saguir, c1877

12. Lella ..., X Mohammed el Marani

13. Moulay Abd el Malek, Head of Mahalla to Shawiya 1903

14. His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sultan Hassan I (see below, Predecessors)


PREDECESSORS:

Mohammed I ibn es Chérif, Sultan 1631-1635. Father of:

Mohammed II, Sultan 1635-1664. Brother of:

Moulay er Rachid, Sultan 1664-9/4/1672. Brother of:

Moulay Ismaël es Samin, Sultan 9/4/1672-22/3/1727 (proclaimed 14/4/1672), styled Emperor of Morocco by Europeans, Caliphe of Fès before 1672, °Marrakech c1646, +(bur) Meknes 22/3/1727, X (among other wives) 1 Zidana, styled Empress of Morocco by Europeans, 2 Hnata mint Bakkar al Gul wedoud Ali wedoud Abd Alla, of the Awlad Abdalla clan (see Brakna, Mauritania). Father (by Zidana) of:

Moulay Ahmed ed Dhahabi, Sultan 22/3/1727-deposed 1728, restored 1728-1729, Heir Apparent 1718, °c1677, +1729. Half-brother of:

Moulay Abd el Melik, Sultan 1728 (deposed). Half-brother of:

Moulay Abdallah, Sultan 1729-deposed 1735, restored and again deposed 1736, 1740-1745 and finally restored 1745-1757, +1757. Half-brother of:

Moulay Ali el Araj, Sultan 1735-deposed 1736. Half-brother of:

Sidi Mohammed, Sultan 1736-deposed 1738. Half-brother of:

Moulay el Moustadi, Sultan 1738-deposed 1740, +1759. Half-brother of:

Moulay Zein el Abdin, Sultan 1745 (deposed),

Sidi Mohammed III, Sultan 1757-11/4/1790, Gov of Marrakech 1750, +Rabat 11/4/1790 (bur Palace, Rabat 12/4/1790). Son of Sultan Abdallah and father of:

Moulay el Yazid, Sultan 1790-1792, +(killed) 1792. Half-brother of:

Moulay Hicham, Sultan (proclaimed)10/12/1790-renounced 1/1795, (proclaimed again) 10/1795-renounced 3/1797, +1799 or 1800. Brother of:

Moulay Sulaiman, Sultan 1796-1822, +28/11/1892,

Moulay Abd el Rahman, Sultan 28/11/1822-28/8/1859, styled Emperor of Morocco in the Almanach de Bruxelles, Gov of Essaouira c1821/2, °1778, +Meknès 28/8/1859, X 1 Lella Fatima, daughter of Sulaiman, 2 before 1830 ..., daughter of Bahloul, 3 c1839 ..., daughter of ... el Khlouti . Son of Sultan Hisham and father of:

Sidi Mohammed IV, Sultan 28/8/1859-25/9/1873, °1803, +Palace in el Nil Park, Marrakech 21/9/1873 (bur Tomb of Mawkla Ali el Sharif, next to Qadi Ayyad Mosque, Marrakech c21/9/1873), X 1..., daughter of el Arabi el Jamaai, 2 Lella Ahniya el Arusiya, daughter of el Haji Abd el Kabir . Father of:

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Moulay Hassan I, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) 20 or 25/9/1873-7/6/1894, °c1836, +Marrakech 7/6/1894 (bur Tomb of Sidi Mohammed bin Abdallah, Rabat), X 1 Zaynab, 2 Khaduja, daughter of el Arbi, 3 Lella Zuhra, daughter of el Haji Maathi, 4 Lella Raquia, from Constantinople, 5 before 1876 Aliya Sittatiya. Father (by Lella Raquia) of:

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Moulay Abd el Aziz, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) 7/6/1894-abdicated 5/1 or 21/8/1908, °Marrakech 24/2/1878 or 1881, +Tangier 9 or 10/6/1943 (bur Mosquée of Sidi Abdallah, Fès), X 1 ..., 2 ..., . Half-brother of:

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Moulay Abd el Hafid, Sultan of Morocco, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech (16/8/1907) and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) 28/8/1907 or 5/1/1908-abdicated 12/8/1912, recognised by the French Government 5/1/1909, moved to Barcelona, Spain 1914, Caliphe of Marrakech 1901, Caliphe of Tiznit 1897, °1876, +Enghien les Bains, Fce 4/4/1937 (bur Mosquée of Sidi Abdallah, Fès), X (among other wives) 1 c12/1907 or 1910 Lella Rabiaa el Glaoui, daughter of el Madani el Glaoui, Grand Vizir and Min of War, by Lella Ijja Ahmad, 2 Marrakech c12/1907 Lella Rabaha el Zayyani, daughter of Muha ou Hammou.el Zayyani, 3 c7/1910 ... el Muqri, daughter of el Haji Mohammed el Muqri, Half-brother of:

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Moulay Youssef, Sultan of Morocco, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) 13 or 17/8/1912-17/11/1927, °Meknes c1881 or 1882, +Fès 17/11/1927 (bur Mosquée of Sidi Abdallah, Fès), X before 1912 Lella Yaaqout, +Fès 17/11/1927. Father (by Lella Yaaqout) of:

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) (18/11/1927-18/8/1957) then HM (18/8/1957-26/2/1961) Moulay Mohammed V, King of Morocco 20/3/1956-26/2/1961, Sultan of Morocco, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) 18/11/1927-deposed 20/8/1953, exiled to Madagascar 20/8/1953-1955, restored 6 or 16/11/1955-20/3/1956, Prime Min 1960-1961, °Fès 10/8/1909 or 1910 or 1911, +Rabat 26/2/1961 (bur Tour Hassan, Rabat 28/2/1961), X 1 ..., 2 before 1927 ..., daughter of Mamoun, 3 Marrakech 27/10/1926 or after 1927 Lella Abla, +1/3/1992, daughter of Moulay al Tahar (son of Sultan Hassan I),

His Sharifian Majesty (Sa Majesté Chérifienne) Sidi Mohammed ben Arafa, Sultan of Morocco, Sultan of Fès, Tafilalt, Marrakech and Sous, Emir al Moumenin (Commander of the Faithful) (proclaimed) 15/8/1953-abdicated 30/10/1955, not considered as a legitimate successor, proclaimed Imam at Marrakech 15/8/1953, °Fès 1889, +Nice, Fce 17/7/1976, X Lella Hania, daughter of Moulay al Tahar (son of Sultan Hasan I). Son of Moulay Arafa, himself son of Sultan Mohammed IV,

HM Hassan II, King of Morocco 3/3/1961-23/7/1999, Chm of the Arab League ....-26/7/1986, Pres of the el Qods Cttee of Islamic Conference 1979, Chm Organisation of African Unity (OAU) 1972, Prime Min 2/1961-11/1964 and 6/1965-1967, Min of Defence 5/1960-6/1961, Vice Prime Min 5/1959-2/1961, Crown Prince 9/7/1957, Chef d’Etat Major des Forces Armées Royales (Cdr in Chief of the Royal Army) 4/1956, exiled to Madagascar 20/8/1953-1956, Hon Pres of the Rabat Scout troop (renamed Hassani Scouts) 12/1933, educ Imperial College in Rabat 1942-1948 and dipl Institut de Droit in Rabat (depending on the Univ of Bordeaux, Fce 1951), dipl Hautes études de droit civil at Univ of Bordeaux, Fce 1952, °Rabat 9/7/1929, +Avicenne Hospital, Rabat 23/7/1999 (bur Mohammed V Mausoleum), X 1 1961 Lella Latifa Hammou, from the Zaiane tribe, 2 Famita Amhourok, daughter of el Qaid Amhourok. Son of HM King Mohammed V by his 3rd wife Lella Abla and father of (by Lella Latifa Hammou),

HM Mohammed VI, King of Morocco since 23/7/1999 (see above, Head of the Sovereign Family)

TETOUAN

SHORT HISTORY: A treaty of 27/11/1912 between France and Spain, the two protecting powers then of Morocco, provided that a member of the Moroccan imperial family was appointed to represent the Sultan of Morocco in Tetouan, the capital of the Spanish protectorate. The Treaty was rscinded by a joint Spanish-Moroccan declaration in Madrid on 7/4/1956 under which Spain recognised the sovereignty and independance of Morocco.

SOURCES:

  • Almanach de Gotha 1763-1944
  • Instituto "Salazar y Castro", Elenco de Grandezas y Titulos Nobiliaros Españoles, Ed.de la Revista, Madrid, since 1968

DYNASTY: Alaoui

SPANISH NOBILITY: On 27/4/1860, Queen Isabella II of Spain awarded the title of Duque de Tetuàn (Duke of Tetouan) with the title of Grande de España to Capitàn General don Leopoldo O’Donnell y Jorris, Anetham y Casaviela, Conde de Lucena, Pres of the (Spanish) Council of Ministers, conquistador of Tetouan in 1860. The title is borne today by Excelentisimo Señor don Leopoldo O’Donnell y Lara, Duque de Tetuàn, Grande de España, Marqués de Salinas (Moratin 52, 28014 Madrid, Spain)

ORDERS AND DECORATIONS: Ordre de Mehedi

MEMBERS OF THE SOVEREIGN FAMILY: see above